After the adoption of the immigration law in the parliament, the head of state Emmanuel Macron won the first battle. But the text of the law still has to pass the test of the Constitutional Council. Prime Minister Elisabeth Borne also acknowledged that certain articles risk rejection by the wise men of rue Montpensier. In an attempt to deny any political crisis following the abrupt resignation of the Minister of Health, Aurélien Rousseau, the head of government will have to find a way out of this extraordinarily chaotic political situation. In this eruptive context, employers’ organizations are concerned about the economic and social consequences of the approval of this migration reform by parliament. ” I found that the economic aspect of this debate was glossed over or overly focused on the regularization of undocumented workers. “, Patrick Martin stated on air Classic radio this Tuesday, December 19.
The employers’ organization, which had remained discreet for months, decided to come out of the woods at the end of the debates. Last Friday, Patrick Martin spoke on this explosive topic during the national recovery council organized in Bercy on the productive and social model of France. ” France must challenge the selective immigration that the country will need in the coming years ” he said in front of an audience of civil servants, experts and economists in the minister’s hotel.
In the spring, his predecessor Geoffroy Roux de Bézieux declared k Gallery that the bosses asked “ clear texts that complement the Valls circular in order to hire more foreign workers without being exploited by those who accuse us of an immigrant vision or those who treat us like slave traders. »
Also read “Clear texts are needed to hire more foreign workers without exploitation” (Geoffroy Roux de Bézieux, Medef)
For its part, CPME calls “ know how to keep your wits about you “. He asked GalleryThe head of the union, François Asselin, thinks so “Migration policy is primarily a political choice. Can France throw the door wide open like Germany? France strives for full employment. First, there are other levers for people in the halo of unemployment”. The head of SME managers is thinking “that there is a problem with the regularization of apprentices in enterprises. When an apprentice meets the needs of society and does not pose a recruitment problem, he must be able to be regulated by the prefectures.. Finally, in a press release, the Impact movement deplored “the adoption of the immigration law in its current form, which does not respond either to the challenges of France’s attractiveness or to the challenges of integration and social cohesion”.
Read alsoIn Bercy, the National Recovery Council is still far from Macron’s promises
According to Medef, France will need 3.9 million foreign workers by 2050
Faced with a decline in the active population in France, employers fear an increase in labor market tensions. Faced with an aging working-age population, France could find itself short of workers in the coming years. “Demographic data from INED (National Institute of Demographic Studies) show that we would need 3.9 million foreign workers by 2050.”warned the boss of bosses. “The working population will decline from 2036. But there are social systems, pensions, unemployment and health insurance, which are based on work and employment income.”continued Patrick Martin.
Indeed, much of the funding of social security and collective management organizations is based on employer and employee contributions. Under the pressure of financial tension, pension insurance and unemployment insurance systems have been significantly overhauled in recent years. A reduction in the number of active residents could once again challenge the financial balance of all these programs.
Tension in 8 out of 10 professions
Most economic surveys show increased tension in the labor market. In a recent survey by the Bank of France, almost one in two companies said they still had problems recruiting staff despite the slowdown in the French economy. According to a recent study by Dares, 8 out of 10 professions were in high or very high stress by 2022. These professions accounted for 87% of employment. ” The labor market is marked by the retirement of the last generation of baby boomers and an economic context that is more conducive to the resignation of employees in search of better opportunities. », Explain to the statisticians.
Huge needs in industry or personal services
Since the end of 2022, the tension in some sectors has definitely decreased. But to remain at a high level in gastronomy and hospitality, industry and even personal services. ” In the personal care professions, we have a huge recruitment tension (…) 800,000 positions to be filled by 2030 », Patrick Martin said. More than 1 million jobs will need to be filled in industry over the next ten years, mainly due to massive retirements of seniors and planned recruitment as part of reindustrialisation. The government plans to attract young people to the industry. And the use of foreign labor will be inevitable.
“I didn’t say we need to open the floodgates of economic immigration wide open,” Industry Minister Roland Lescure said in late November. But “if we can get 800,000 to 900,000 young and old people in the industry in the next ten years, frankly, that will be extraordinary” and “there will still be 100,000 to 200,000 (workers) missing who will undoubtedly have to go and have a look elsewhere.”
Also read Reindustrialisation: the government faces a huge challenge of recruiting young people
The step forward promises to be colossal. Added to this is the urgent need for a highly skilled engineering workforce. ” This tension applies to very high-skilled professions. This is the case for researchers and engineers, for example. Many French graduates go to work in digital and biotech. Conversely, France has great difficulty in bringing engineers from outside the European Union. Patrick Martin lamented. Suffice it to say, the debate over immigration law is far from over.